Today, British wool is regarded as a fairly low grade quality, it generally goes into the production of carpets. Back in the 15th century this was all that was available. The hairs of a British fleece are short and quite thick, and can only be spun into what is known as woollen spun yarn. When woven this produces a heavy, thick cloth.This cloth is then put through a wet process where the cloth gets pummelled and this gives the cloth a flannel look. After final pressing any surface hairs are removed by hand to give a clean surface to the fabric.

Some types of Devon cloths are listed:

Serge is a type of twill fabric that has diagonal lines or ridges on both sides, made with a two-up, two-down weave. The worsted variety is used in making military uniforms, suits, great and trench coats. Its counterpart, silk serge, is used for linings. French serge is a softer, finer variety. The word is also used for a high quality woolen woven.

Kerseys are a coarse, lightweight woolen cloth, usually ribbed and with a cotton warp named after Kersey, village in Suffolk,
Devon produced serges or ” long ells ” unusually long cloths with combed wool warps and carded wool wefts in a twill weave.

Perpetuanas are a durable woolen fabrics with a twill weave.
Druggets are a coarse woollen fabric felted or woven, self-coloured or printed one side.

Devonshire Shalloons are a loosely woven worsted, twilled on both sides.types.jpg

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